Zero Emissions and ECO Label, what differences do they have to enter the ZBE 2023?
2023 has arrived with many changes, especially for cities. The new Law 7/2021 of May 20 on climate change and energy transition affects municipalities with more than 50,000 inhabitants since they must implement a Low Emission Zone (ZBE).
We are going to know what the differences are between the Zero labels Emissions and ECO to enter the ZBE.
You should know that the vehicles that benefit the most from these new limitations are those with the Zero Emissions and ECO label. that is biofuel, hybrid, and fully electric.
149 Spanish municipalities will be affected, according to the INE, but drivers will also be affected. Since January 1, vehicles without a DGT environmental label, which are diesel models before 2006 and gasoline models before the year 2000, will not be able to access cities with Low Emission Zones such as Madrid or Barcelona.
The new Climate Change Law will force vehicles that want to access and circulate in Low Emission Zones to have the corresponding environmental badge.
In this way, the city councils will be able to control access to newly created areas, in addition to those already known in Madrid, Barcelona, or Valencia.
Differences between the Zero Emissions and ECO label
The Zero Emissions and ECO labels have differences when entering an LEZ. Although we have put the focus on Barcelona and Madrid, the truth is that each city council will be able to establish its criteria.
Madrid has two Special Protection ZBEs; Center and Elliptical Plaza. In the Downtown Zone, cars with the Zero Emissions label have no restrictions.
In other words, they can park on the surface without an SER Zone and access freely. On the contrary, those with an ECO label can only access and park for a maximum of two hours.
In the Plaza Elíptica ZBEEP, electric cars with the Zero Emissions badge can access and park, while ECO cars can only park in Zona SER for a maximum of two hours.
For its part, in Barcelona, its LEZ covers 95 square km and, in addition to regulating access, it also regulates the days and even the hours. However, cars with Zero Emissions and ECO labels have no restrictions in Barcelona.
DGT environmental labels, everything you need to know
The DGT environmental labels classify vehicles based on their energy efficiency and the environmental impact they can cause. The objective of this measure is to discriminate, positively, against the most environmentally responsible vehicles.
The ZERO label is blue and corresponds to fully electric vehicles, whether battery, fuel cell, or extended range, and plug-in hybrids that offer a range of more than 40 kilometers.
The ECO label is two-tone with a green and a blue tone and corresponds to gas-powered vehicles (CNG, LPG), conventional hybrids, and plug-in hybrids with a range of fewer than 40 kilometers.
The C label is green and is carried by passenger cars and light commercial vehicles with gasoline registered from January 2006 and diesel from 2015, as well as vehicles with more than eight seats and heavy vehicles with both gasoline and diesel registered from 2014.
The B label is yellow and is indicated for vehicles registered since January 1, 2001, and diesel from 2006, as well as vehicles with more than eight seats and heavy vehicles, both gasoline and diesel, registered since 2006.
Key dates for Low Emission Zones
As of January 1, 2023, vehicles without a DGT environmental label cannot access low-emission zones, such as the Madrid360 Central Zone or Barcelona.
Although year after year the low emission zones will limit access and circulation, it will not be until 2025 when the restriction affects the models with the DGT C label.
It will be in 2030 when only models with a ZERO or ECO label able to access these areas.